Rhythmic Instruments

On comparing the huge number of rhythmic instruments that are used in Oman's traditional music with that of the melodic instruments, it is found that the ratio is 28:7. This proves the priority that is given to rhythm in Omani music in general. On the other hand, the multiplicity of Oman's genres plays an important role in the diversity of rhythmic instruments. Rhythm is the basis for movement and dance which are important components in most of the Sultanate's genres.

The type of wood used in the manufacture of drums differs according to the form of the instrument and the origin of the wood. Some of the wood is local and others come from West Asia and East Africa. The following types of woods are those most commonly used in the manufacture of Omani drums.

1. Bidham - Almond wood
2. Sidir - lotus jujube wood
3. Suqam wood - from India
4. Mantieh wood - from India
5. Jazz wood
6. Sharish wood
7. Saj wood - teak from India
8. Mintih
9. Mango
10. Narjil (coconut)
11. Ghaf - mangrove
12. Qarm
13. Palm wood
14. Fanas - pine from India
15. Saysam
16. Oleander

In addition to the wooden instruments, rhythmic instruments such as ar-rahmani, in which metal cylinders, often made from old tins, are used.
Sheep, lamb or goat, bull and sometimes camel skins are used for the drumskins.

Rhythmic instruments of Oman's traditional music can be classified into three groups:
1. Double-skinned drums
2. Single-skinned drums
3. Rhythmic instruments without skin

 
   
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